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Maryland Patient Bill of Rights

Every hospital patient has the right to:

  1. Receive considerate, respectful, and compassionate care
  2. Be provided care in a safe environment free from all forms of abuse and neglect, including verbal, mental, physical, and sexual abuse
  3. Have a medical screening exam and be provided stabilizing treatment for emergency medical conditions and labor
  4. Be free from restraints and seclusion unless needed for safety
  5. Be told the names and jobs of the health care team members involved in your care if staff safety is not a concern
  6. Have respect shown for your personal values, beliefs and wishes
  7. Be treated without discrimination based on race, color, national origin, ethnicity, age, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, physical or mental disability, religion, language, or ability to pay
  8. Be provided a list of protective and advocacy services when needed
  9. Receive information about hospital and physician charges and ask for an estimate of hospital charges before care is provided, as long as your care is not impeded
  10. Receive information in a manner you understand, which may include: Sign and foreign language interpreters. Alternative formats, including large print, braille, audio recordings, and computer files. Vision, speech, hearing and other temporary aids as needed, without charge
  11. Receive information from the doctor or other health care practitioners about your diagnosis, prognosis, test results, possible outcomes of care, and unanticipated outcomes of care
  12. Access your medical records in accordance with HIPAA Notice of Privacy Practices
  13. Be involved in your plan of care
  14. Be screened, assessed, and treated for pain
  15. Refuse care
  16. In accordance with hospital visitation policies, have an individual of your choice remain with you for emotional support during your hospital stay, choose the individuals who may visit you, and change your mind about the individuals who may visit
  17. Appoint an individual of your choice to make health care decisions for you, if you are unable to do so
  18. Make or change an advance directive
  19. Give informed consent before any nonemergency care is provided, including the benefits and risks of the care, alternatives to the care, and the benefits and risks of the alternatives to the care
  20. Agree or refuse to take part in medical research studies, without the agreement or refusal affecting your care
  21. Allow or refuse to allow pictures of you for purposes other than your care
  22. Expect privacy and confidentiality in care discussions and treatments
  23. Be provided a copy of HIPAA
  24. File a complaint about care and have the complaint reviewed without the complaint affecting the patient’s care

Is your hospital honoring those rights? Did they provide you with an accessible and understandable copy of your rights, and post rights in highly visible locations?

If not, please notify:

The Maryland Department of Health
Office of Health Care Quality at