Diabetes is a group of diseases marked by high blood glucose levels resulting from the body's inability to use or produce insulin.


  • Type 1 diabetes (diagnosed in children and young adults)
  • Type 2 diabetes (the most common type of diabetes, usually diagnosed in adults)
  • Gestational diabetes (occurs during pregnancy)


Prediabetes is a condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes.


Common symptoms include:


  • Excessive urination
  • Increased thirst and/or hunger
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands and feet


Plans of care are customized according to each patient's individual needs and may include:


  • Education about the disease process and treatment options
  • Meal planning
  • Physical activity
  • Foot care
  • Medication management
  • Glucose monitoring
  • Education about how to prevent acute complications
  • Detecting and treating chronic complications
  • Day-to-day management
  • Behavior changes


There is no cure for diabetes, but it can be managed. Balancing a proper diet with exercise and your prescribed medications can help you control your weight and keep your blood glucose in the healthy range.