Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders

Sleep disorders prevent a person from getting a full night’s sleep, which results in depriving the body of much-needed time to recover both mentally and physically from the day’s activities.

There are more than 85 recognized sleep disorders that can rob a person of the deep, restorative sleep required for a good night’s rest.


Some of the more common sleep disorders include:

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Due to an upper airway obstruction, the patient snores, stops breathing, then awakens suddenly and gasps for breath. The cycle repeats throughout sleep and can increase risk of heart disease, stroke and premature death.
Central Sleep Apnea

Breathing frequently stops and starts during sleep due to lack of a signal from the brain to the muscles that control breathing.
Narcolepsy

Excessive, sudden sleepiness that comes on at inappropriate times and interferes with daily tasks.
Restless Leg Syndrome

Periodic, involuntary jerking of the legs while a person is trying to sleep. It prevents the patient from getting quality sleep, and is sometimes accompanied by a “creepy crawly” sensation that improves when patients move their legs.
Insomnia

Lack of sleep quantity or quality, which leads to poor concentration and memory loss.
Circadian Rhythm Disorders

Occur when a patient’s internal sleep clock is not aligned with normal sleep times.
Parasomnias

Include night terrors and sleepwalking.
REM (Rapid Eye Movement) Behavior Disorder

When patients experience movement that can cause injury to themselves or nearby loved ones during REM dream sleep.
CPAP mask

Symptoms

  • Daytime sleepiness
  • Morning headaches
  • Loud, irregular snoring
  • Irritability or moodiness
  • Poor concentration
  • Memory loss
  • Hypertension
  • Frequent nocturnal urination


Treatment Options

There are several treatment options available for sleeping disorders.

Depending on the type and severity of symptoms, patients can be helped through weight loss, surgery, using dental appliances and continuous positive airway pressure. CPAP is provided by a small machine that blows air into the nose through a nasal mask and keeps the airway from collapsing.