Sinai Rehabilitation Center - Glossary

Academy of Certified Brain Injury Specialists (ACBIS) - A voluntary national organization that provides information regarding brain injury and the opportunity for health care professionals to achieve a nationally recognized certification as brain injury specialists.

Activities of Daily Living (ADL) - Daily self-care activities such as feeding, bathing, dressing and grooming.

Acute Care - A short term hospital stay for a sudden illness, injury, or recovery from surgery.

Acute Rehab - An inpatient facility that provides intensive rehabilitation of three hours of therapy daily while being closely monitored by physicians who specialize in physical medicine and rehabilitation.

Adaptive Equipment - A device used to assist in the completion of an activity of daily living.

Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF) - An international independent non-profit accreditor of heath and human services for medical rehabilitation programs.

Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) -The disturbance of blood supply to the brain due to ischemia (blockage) or hemorrhage (leakage of blood) which can result in physiological, cognitive, language, and/or visual deficits.

Electro Therapeutic Point Stimulation (E.T.P.S) - A micro current stimulation device used to instantly treat pain by helping to release muscle tissue that impinges nerves, which causes joint pain.

Extubation - The removal of a breathing tube to allow the patient to breathe on his own.

Hip precautions - Movement restrictions to the hip joint following specific surgeries. Restrictions vary by surgical procedure and physician and are communicated to patients by the healthcare team.

Home Care - Healthcare and/or supportive care provided to a person at their place of residence.

Hydrocephalus - Increased accumulation of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in the brain that causes increased pressure to the area and can cause incontinence, gait disturbance, and cognitive slowing.

Inpatient Rehab - A facility where patients reside for a finite amount of time while they receive their therapy for recovery from illness or injury (see Acute Rehab and Subacute Rehab).

Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) - Daily activities of person living independently such as management of finances, medication management, shopping, cooking, etc.

Intubation - See Mechanical Ventilation

Joint Commission - A not-for-profit organization whose accreditation and certification reflects a health care organization’s commitment to meeting certain performance standards.

Mechanical Ventilation - The use of a machine with a tube inserted in the nose or mouth and down into the windpipe to expand and deflate the lungs to assist or replace spontaneous breathing for the patient who can no longer do it on their own.

Occupational Therapy - A health care profession that improves self-care skills such as feeding, bathing, and dressing, and develops effective compensatory strategies and devices for activities of daily living in order to maximize independence in the case of physical or cognitive disability.

Outpatient rehab - A form of rehabilitation in which patients travel to a clinic, hospital, or other facility specifically to attend therapy sessions and then leave, rather than remaining hospitalized for the duration of their therapy in contrast to inpatient rehab.

Physiatrist - A physician with special training in rehabilitation medicine.

Physical Therapy - A health care profession that improves a patient's mobility including transfers, gait, balance, endurance and overall function and provides treatment to restore maximum movement and function following disease or injury.

Psychology - The scientific study of the structure and function of the brain as it pertains to psychological processes and behavior.

Rehabilitation Hospital - see Acute Rehab

Social Worker/Case Manager- A professional who works with patients to help with emotional, financial, insurance, and other resources as well as helping to coordinate a patient’s discharge from the hospital and preparation for re-entry into family and community life.

Speech and Language Pathology (Speech Therapy) - A healthcare profession that improves people's communication skills, including their speech, listening, thinking, problem solving and writing skills and improves their oral motor skills to enhance the ability to swallow.

Spinal Precautions - Movement restrictions to the spine following specific surgeries. Restrictions vary by surgical procedure and physician and are communicated to patients by the healthcare team.

Splint - A device used to support, mobilize or immobilize a body part.

Sternal precautions - Movement restrictions following open-heart surgery. Restrictions are communicated to patients by the healthcare team as needed.

Stroke - see CVA

Subacute Rehabilitation - An inpatient facility that provides 1-3 hours of rehabilitation daily along with nursing/supportive care.

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) - The use of electric current produced by a portable stimulator to send electric pulses to the nerves for therapeutic purposes to treat pain.

Therapeutic Recreation - Mode of rehabilitation provides instruction in returning to leisure activities.

Tissue Plasminogen Activator (t-PA) - A medication administered within 3 hours of the onset of stroke symptoms that works to reverse the effects of a stroke by breaking up blood clots in the brain.

Traumatic Brain Injury - damage to the brain as a result of an injury from an external force

Ultrasound - The application of high frequency sound waves converted to heat to treat joint contractures, scar tissue and muscle spasms.

Weight Bearing Status - The amount of body weight a patient is allowed to put on the lower or upper extremity that was injured or underwent surgery.