The following are common questions asked by our patients:
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects at least 171 million people worldwide. It is characterized by high levels of blood glucose, which can be a result of defects in insulin production. If left untreated, diabetes can lead to an early death.
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What is Diabetic Neuropathy?
Diabetic neuropathy is a serious complication of diabetes that causes damage to nerves in the legs and feet. It is most often caused by blood sure that is too high for a long period of time.
There are 4 types of diabetic neuropathy:
1. Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy – The most common form of diabetic neuropathy that affects the feet and leg.
- Tingling and burning feeling
- Sensitivity to the touch
- Weak muscles
- Pain and difficulty walking
2. Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy – Most commonly affects the digestive system (stomach, blood vessels, urinary system).
- Constipation and uncontrolled diarrhea
- Difficulty swallowing
3. Diabetic Proximal Neuropathy – Most commonly affects thighs, hips and buttocks.
4. Diabetic Focal Neuropathy – Most commonly affects the specific nerve area.
- Changes in vision
- Eye and chest pain
- Pain in a certain area
- Paralysis on one side of the face
Maintaining appropriate blood sugar levels is the best way to prevent the above types of diabetic neuropathy.
What is Peripheral Arterial Disease?
Peripheral arterial disease is the most common type of peripheral vascular disease, which is a narrowing of the vessels that carry blood to the legs, arms, stomach or kidneys. It is caused when plaque builds up in the arteries and restricts blood flow.
To learn more about peripheral arterial disease click here.
Why are Diabetics at Risk for Not Healing or Amputations?
Diabetics are at risk for not healing or amputations because:
- Poor blood circulation
- Increased risk of peripheral neuropathy, which is damage to the nerves in the legs and feet.
- Serious infection is more likely to occur.
- More vulnerable to skin sores and ulcers.
What is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy?
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a specialized medical treatment in which a patient breathes 100% oxygen inside a pressured chamber. The treatment quickly delivers high concentrations of oxygen to the bloodstream.
To learn more about Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy click here.