The aorta is the main artery leading from the heart to the body.Aortic valve disease occurs when the valve between the main heart chamber (left ventricle) and the main artery to your body (aorta) does not function properly.
The two main causes of aortic valve disease include:
- Aortic valve stenosis - Occurs when calcium deposition or scar on the valve leaflets limits valve opening and prevents proper blood flow.
- Aortic valve regurgitation (valvular insufficiency/incompetence/”leaky valve”) - Occurs when valve leaflets do not close completely and blood flows backwards into the heart.
Usually most patients show no symptoms of aortic valve disease, but initial symptoms can include:
- Loss of energy
- Ankle swelling
- Heart palpitations
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
Aortic valve disease can be treated with aortic valve surgery
through aortic valve replacement or repair.